عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
According to Wejarkard ī dēnīg, the brave and blessed Esfandiyār becomes brazen-bodied by the praying of the prophet Ašū – Zarduxšt in the ceremony of Drōn Yašt. The prophet gives him some pomegranate seeds and Esfandiyār is rendered invulnerable. Pahlavi Zand ī Vandidād says that Esfandiyār cannot be hurt, harmed, threatened or wounded by sword, knife or any other weapon because of his invulnerability. However, in the Shāhnāma of Ferdowsi, Esfandiyār has vulnerable eyes. There are some similarities between the characteristics and functions of Esfandiyār of the Shāhnāma and Achilles in Greek mythology due to the combination of the old Iranian and ancient Greek cultures. The overwhelming influence of the Greek culture in Persia was because of a ruling Greek government in Bacteria from 250 to 130 B.C.