عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Festivals and celebrations are regarded as vitality and dynamism of each society. In pre-Islamic Iran, there have been as many as twenty four festivals. When Iranians accepted Islam, many Islamic festivals were added to these national festivals. Whereas one can find lots of information in Tarikh-e-Beihaghi, we can find little information in other historical books. Meanwhile there is quite a large amount of relevant information about Islamic and national festivals in Persian poetry, which in turn, provides the reader with adequate information on the ways these festivals and rites were held. Although most of these poems are merely a kind of glorifying and eulogizing the kings, rulers and authorities, one can find valuable information through reading these poems. By reading and analyzing these poems, one will be acquainted with the ways these festivals were held. These poems also provide us with helpful information about the vitality, merriment and contentment of the people and at the same time elucidate the secret of their permanence or elimination. Through studying the reflection of these festivals in Persian poetry, one can learn about the prevalent ideas in the monarchy as well.
Keywords: Eid-e-Norouz, Mehregan, Eid-e-Fetr, Eid-e-Ghorban.