عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Metonymy is one of the ambiguous factors in the literary eloquence. Yakobson in his discussion about figurative and metaphoric poles of the language, considers figure substituting process on the vicinity basis and he takes it into account as an obvious characteristic of the prose. Where as figure in literary eloquence, especially in contemporary poetry, is considered as an eloquent element because of the new relations and interests that the poet creates between the real and figurative meaning. Of course, since metonymy is formed based on association of vicinity, it is known soon and it is one-meaning, so its ambiguity is less than the other figurative categories. Perhaps it is for this reason that its use in the contemporary poetry is limited and the contemporary poets are not inclined to use it in their poems. But in these limited cases, they sometimes have had innovations that show their selection and the combination of different linguistic potentials, indicating the special style and the degree of imitation and innovation in his eloquent field. In this article, the descriptive-analytic method is used in the poems of the four contemporary poets (Nimā Youshij, Akhavān Sāles, Sohrāb Sepehri and Forough Farrokhzād). It is intended, while examining metonymy and its role in making artistic ambiguity, to analyze the ambiguities resulting from this literary category.
Key words: metonymy, ambiguity, contemporary poetry (Nimā, Akhavān, Sepehri, Forough Farrokhzād).