عنوان مقاله [English]
J. S. Bystroń, a Polish ethnologist, published an article in 1912 on the magic of fruit trees fertility in Europe, in particular in Poland. He formulated some hypothesis about the possible origin and diffusion of such practices and beliefs. Persian literary texts and field studies of different parts of Iran have revealed the presence of parallel magic practices. Remarkable similarities of the East European and Middle Eastern beliefs and magic particularly the ritual of threatening a “lazy” tree testify to a common origin and territorial continuity of fertility magic and its conceptual background in both cultural areas.