عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
In Iranian culture, the land is a traditional, symbolic, traditional celebration of land, held in particular forms, purposes, and times. Some of these rituals, celebrations and rituals are reflected in Ferdowsi's Shahnameh, which illustrates the rules of community activity and the repetition of these activities in which he reproduces his Iranian society and culture. In this study, we analyze the social function of guest and traveler rituals, mourning, charity and centuries of celebration, Nowruz and Mehregan along with analyzing their mythical foundations. This research is fundamentally based on library studies and qualitative content analysis. After analyzing the data and assisting from various sources, it can be said that their rituals, celebrations and rituals contribute to community consolidation and to a positive ethical restructuring and have a socially unifying function in society; Therefore, the presence of festivals and rituals through symbolic activities always promotes solidarity, unity of the people (in open and hidden forms), increased authority and legitimacy, reproduction of society, Iranian identity and the preservation of Iranian culture, which is why such rituals and Celebrations are held every year.