عنوان مقاله [English]
One of the most important literary works written in the subcontinent in the nineteenth century AD is the "Sharh-e-Se Nathr-e-Zuhuri" written by Imam Bakhsh Sahbaiie, which has the characteristics of linguistic, rhetorical and literary criticism that study and analyze these elements to help the audience to understand the manifestations of linguistics and newly formed literary criticism of this period. This article tries to examine the role of these new rhetorical elements in the evolution of rhetorical and literary criticism of this period. For this purpose, the rhetorical techniques that are less common in Persian rhetoric books have been studied; Because the Saj-e-Moradaf (Lop-Sided), Metonymy in Metonymy, Disagreement in Allusion, have a new glance at the Trope Par Metonymy and Spiritual Paradox. Some of these rhetorical tricks are the result of Sahbaiie's study of the rhetoric of rhetorical books, such as "Mokhtsar al-Ma'ani" and "Motaval" Taftazani, which he uses many times in his arguments. In Sahbaiie’s belief, the criterion for accepting metaphor is the "individuals", that is, the literary elite who use it. Sahbaiie believes that virtual language is inherently destructive; Because first, by changing the form of expression, it suggests a different meaning, and in the second stage, it rejects the possibility of certainty of the proposed meaning and denies that definite meaning. In this study, with an analytical and descriptive approach, we intend to examine Sahbaiie’s views based on rhetorical criteria, relying on the dissertation "Sharh-e-Se Nathr-e-Zuhuri" to a large extent.